World’s highest road traffic accidents in India: WHO
Bhubaneswar: Road traffic accidents, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO), are the second major cause of death in the world while India holds the dubious distinction of registering the highest number of road traffic accidents globally.
In 2012, India, with 30 crore vehicles, accounted for 1,30,000 road accidents, according to Dr Pradipta Tripathy, Professor in the Department of Neurosurgery at the IMS and Sum Hospital here.
The four major factors of road accidents were bad road conditions, speeding by drivers, drunk driving and refusal to use safety measures like helmets and seatbelts and inefficient law enforcement, Dr Tripathy said at a two-day National Seminar on Road Traffic Accidents that began at the IMS and Sum Hospital on Saturday.
Quoting official records, Dr Tripathy said the number of road mishaps in India increased from 54,100 in 1990 to 1,30,000 in 2012.
“As far as management of road accidents is concerned, this grave problem is receiving much less attention than it deserves,” Dr. Sanjay Kulshrestha, consultant paediatric surgeon at the Sarkar Hospital for Women and Children, Agra, said. Reduction in fatalities can be achieved by preventing accidents and through better post-accident management of victims, he said.
Dr Kulshrestha said that of the total number accident victims, 24 per cent can be saved through simple trauma care, 46 per cent through advanced trauma care and the rest 30 per cent cannot be saved through any intervention including the best medical care facility in the world.
It is because the impact of accident in such cases is so severe that it causes death instantaneously or within a few minutes before medical help could arrive. Prevention, he said, remains the only answer to such tragedies.
“It is surprising to know that vehicular faults, defective roads and environmental factors are responsible only for 3 per cent to 5 per cent of all accidents,” Dr Kulshrestha said while pointing out that an analysis of road accident data by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has revealed that the driver’s fault is the single most important factor responsible for accidents.
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